SI Joint Dysfunction Treatment

The sacroiliac joint (SI joint) is located at the bottom of the spine, connecting the sacrum with the pelvis. The SI joint may be small but it’s quite strong, reinforced by surrounding ligaments. The main job of the SI joint is to transmit all of the forces of the upper body to the hips and legs and act as a shock absorber for the body. SI joint irritation can cause pain both sharp and dull and can affect regions of the back, buttocks, thighs, or groin. It is estimated that SI joint dysfunction is to blame for about 15-30% of cases of chronic lower back pain.

What causes SI Joint Dysfunction?

SI joint dysfunction is a result of inflammation and can occur for a variety of reasons. It could be a reaction to an acute injury, the result of arthritis or gout, taking uneven strides while exercising, or even because of pregnancy. Essentially, anything that causes the joint to become less stable has the potential to cause SI joint dysfunction.

When should I seek SI Joint Dysfunction Treatment?

When symptoms of SI joint dysfunction begin to interfere with your daily activities or you’re unable to get a good night’s rest because of the pain, it’s a good idea to seek out treatment. Finding the source of pain as early as possible is the best way to ensure a speedy recovery.

How can physical therapy help with SI Joint Dysfunction?

Physical therapy can help to reduce the inflammation and pain in the sacroiliac joint. They’ll look at problems with the position of the SI joint and may incorporate muscle energy techniques for proper realignment. Your physical therapist will work with you to build a plan of care that is unique to your specific symptoms and body. They may incorporate a number of treatment techniques such as:

• Strengthening and core stabilization exercises to help maintain proper position of the joint and to improve flexibility.
• Manual therapy techniques to mobilize the surrounding muscles and joints and reduce muscle spasms that could be contributing to symptoms of pain.
• Postural education and balance training to ensure that the weight on the back and hip is not pulling the SI joint out of alignment

Physical therapists can provide the necessary tools to treat sacroiliac joint dysfunction, allowing you to return to your favorite activities pain-free and stronger than ever! To learn more about SI joint dysfunction or to eliminate any current discomfort, book a physical therapy assessment today.

“I was in a lot of pain. After the first treatment, I was 80% better. My physical therapist was great and very hands-on. Now my back pain is gone!”

-Benjamin B.

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